How to Make a Bibliographic Reference of a Website in ABNT Standards

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bibliographic reference

Learn how to make a bibliographic reference of a website in ABNT standards in your academic work or scientific article with some practical examples below. If you have a website, whether it's a homepage, a newspaper or magazine article in electronic media and you don't know how to reference it, it's not difficult to format them into the pre-established categories.

  • ABNT 2018 Guide: formatting academic work within the norms
  • How to automatically format your bibliographic references by ABNT

This standardization follows the ABNT NBR 6023 standard , launched in August 2002, which establishes the elements to be included in internet site references.

This standard separates them into articles and/or articles from a newspaper, website or homepage, in addition to listing the mandatory and optional elements to be included in the reference.

ABNT standards for referencing internet sites

There are three different ways to reference a site on ABNT, depending on how the site is made. See the different categories:

  • article and/or newspaper article in electronic media: articles from Folha de S.Paulo, Estado de S.Paulo , among others;
  • article and/or site article : articles from G1, Tecnoblog and other vehicles that only exist on the internet;
  • homepage : when a site does not fit into the above two categories. It doesn't necessarily have to be the homepage: an about section also falls under the homepage category.

References must have the mandatory elements :

  • author or organization name;
  • title of the page or article;
  • place of publication (if any);
  • day, month and year of publication (if any);
  • email address (between the <> signs), after “Available on:”;
  • date of access to the website, after “Accessed on:”.

Any date in the references must be in the format of day (two numbers), month (three letters, abbreviated) and year (four numbers). For example, September 15th. of 2018 . Only the month of May is written in full.

If you can't find the publication date , you can use the site's copyright year after a “c”. For example, c2018 . If there is no date, use [sd] .

How to make reference to ABNT website (with examples)

Now that you've learned the basics of the information you should have in references, here's how they should be formatted:

Article and/or newspaper article reference in ABNT

  • with author: SURNAME, First name. Title of the article. Newspaper name , city of publication, day, month and year. Section (if any). Available at: < URL >. Accessed in: day, month and year.
  • without author: TITLE of the article. Newspaper name , city of publication, day, month and year. Section (if any). Available from: <URL>. Accessed in: day, month and year.

Example with author:

CARAZZAI, Estelita Hass. Trump now promises to end a policy that separates families from refugees. Folha de S.Paulo , São Paulo, June 20 2018. Available at: < https : //www1.folha.uol.com.br/mundo/2018/06/trump-agora-promete-acabar-com-politica-que-separa-familias-de-refugiados.shtml >. Accessed on: Jun 20 of 2018.

Example without author:

TRUMP now promises to end a policy that separates families from refugees. Folha de S.Paulo , São Paulo, June 20 of 2018. Available at: <https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mundo/2018/06/trump-agora-promete-acabar-com-politica-que-separa-familias-de-refugiados.shtml >. Accessed on: Jun 20 of 2018.

Article and/or site article reference in ABNT

  • with author: SURNAME, First name. Title of the article. Site name , year. Available at: <URL>. Accessed in: day, month and year.
  • without author: TITLE of the article. Site name , year. Available at: <URL>. Accessed in: day, month and year.

Example with author:

SILVA, Victor Hugo. WhatsApp scam uses cell cloning to target politicians. Tecnoblog , 2018. Available at: <https://tecnoblog.net/247801/golpe-whatsapp-clonagem-celular-politicos/>. Accessed on: Jun 20 of 2018.

Example without author:

Scam on WhatsApp uses cell cloning to target politicians. Tecnoblog , 2018. Available at: <https://tecnoblog.net/247801/golpe-whatsapp-clonagem-celular-politicos/>. Accessed on: Jun 20 of 2018.

Homepage reference in ABNT standards

  • model: AUTHOR OR ORGANIZATION. Site name, year. Menu (description). Available from: <full address>. Accessed in: day, month and year.

Example:

MOBILON NETWORKS. Tecnoblog : technology that matters, c2018. Home page. Available at: <https://tecnoblog.net/>. Accessed on: Jun 20 of 2018.

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